Jekaterina Tarejeva, Kęstutis Žagminas, Danielius Serapinas
Objective. To evaluate risk-taking behaviour among students of Vilnius University in 2009. Methods. The analysis data was collected by anonymous questionnaire survey method. Analysis included 1,200 students of Vilnius University Chemistry, Economics, Mathematics and Computer Science, Medicine, Physics, Philology and Law faculties. The subjects filled out a compound questionnaire including 39 questions that described information about students (age, sex, course, faculty, the prevalence of smoking, alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour, nutrition, injuries prevalence, physical activity, depression). Data were analyzed using SPSS.17 (17 edition, 2009) and WinPepi 10.5 (10.5 version, 2010) computer programs. χ2 and Mann-Whitney tests were used for nominal and ordinal data analysis. Unceasing data was analysed using Student’s t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, ANOVA. Results. 94.8% of surveyed students assessed their physical health as satisfactory. 39.5% of respondents, more men than women (45.0% and 34.9%) (p = 0.002) smoked. 16.9% of the respondents consume alcohol few times week, more men than women (21.6% and 13.0% women respectively) (p <0.001). Daily alcohol consumption was indicated by 8.6% and 1.8% of students. Prevalence of drug use was 34.5% of VU students (45.5% men and 25.5% women) (p <0,001). Average BMI of respondents is 24.60 for men, and 20.76 for women. 22.8% of respondents are overweighted. 66.4% of men and 63.6% of women (p <0.001) indicated that commonly used oil for cooking. 30.8% of students exercised two-three times per week. 76.6% of students were sexually active and 63.5% of them had safe sex. 33.4% of men and 24.7% of women over the past 12 months had suffered injuries, 25.3% of the respondents was injured or suffered an accident under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Over the past 12 months.major depression for at least two weeks suffered 25.9% of respondents, more women (29.0%) than men (22.3%) (p = 0.19). 8.9% of the respondents have tried to commit suicide. Conclusions. High prevalence of alcohol consumption, drug use, unsafe sexual behaviour, unbalanced diet are conditions for chronic diseases to develop. To reduce the risk of these diseases in students, alcohol and other drug abuse prevention must be a priority. Injury prevention, nutrition, mental health should also be on public health priority list.
Keyword(s): health risk factors; alcohol; smoking; drugs; sexual behaviour; depression; nutrition; injuries and physical activity.
Full Text: PDF