The goal of the survey: To assess the factual nutrition of students of Vilnius University.
Methods. The sample under the survey included 702 students of Vilnius University – 400 females and 302 males. The interviewing under a questionnaire was carried out in April – May 2010 using the questionnaire developed for this purpose. The factual nutrition were examined by 24-hour survey fixing the time of eating as well as the assortment and the quantity of products, dishes and beverages consumed. The analysis of the chemical composition of the food was carried out using the tables of chemical composition of food stuffs; the results were compared to the recommended daily norms of nutritional substances and energy. The analysis of the statistical data was carried out using the version 17 of the software package SPSS for Windows and Microsoft Office Excel 2007.
Results. The average daily energy obtained by respondents with food was 1471.6 kcal for females and 1832.1 kcal for males. The share of energetic value of the key nutritional substances in the daily diet was following: proteins – 16.4 percent for females and 16.6 percent for males, fats – 34.6 percent for females and 36.0 percent for males, hydrocarbons – 49.7 for females and 47.2 percent for males. The share of energetic value provided by mono- and disaccharides in the daily diet was following: 13.4 percent for females and 10.6 percent for males. Excess consumption of Na and vitamin B6 takes place. Insufficient consumption of Ca, Mg, Zn, vitamins A, C, D, B1, B2, PP and folic acid is observed.
The conclusions from the survey. Diet of the respondents is not balanced. Excess consumption of proteins and fats and insufficient consumption of hydrocarbons are observed; the energetic value of a daily diet is insufficient. The share of the energetic value provided by mono- and disaccharides in the daily diet exceeds the recommended level. Amounts of mineral substances and vitamins consumed by a majority of the respondents do not conform to the recommended daily norms.
Keyword(s): students, factual nutrition, daily food consumption.
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