Žymantas Žandaras, Rimantas Stukas
The aim of the study to compare eating habits of pupils of primary schools in two schools in Vilnius city in a time period between 2010 and 2014.. Material and methods: In 2010 in two primary schools in Vilnius city 460 parents of pupils’ forms 1-4 were questioned in a technique of anonymous survey. In 2014 346 parents were questioned by analogy. Data were analyzed using program SPSS 22.0. For qualitative data analysis Pearson’s chi-square (x²) was used. The difference was considered statistically significant when p<0,05. Results: In 2010 73,3 % parents of pupils of primary schools followed a healthy dietary recommendations, in 2014 the percentage increased to 84,8 %, respectively 65,7 % and 73,7 % had breakfast every day, 55,2 % and 45,7% ate before going to sleep. In 2010 12,2 % of children respondents ate vegetables 3 and more times a day, in 2014 – 11,9%, in line with fruit 22,9 % and 25,0%, bread and cereal – 28,5% and 24,3 %. In 2010 44,4 % of pupils of primary schools consumed food supplements, in 2014 – 52,6 %. Conclusions: The numbers increased of parents who follow a healty dietary recommendations and of primary school pupils who have breakfast, consume food supplements.
Keyword(s): pupils of primary school; diet; changes in diet.
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