Mindaugas Danilevičius, Ieva Vasilavičiūtė, Raimundas Venckus, Vinsas Janušonis
Background. The purpose of our study is to evaluate and present the results of the first cervicosacropexy (CESA) in Lithuania, which was performed in Klaipeda university hospital. Materials and methods. For the 62 years old female patient suffering from overactive bladder syndrome, confirmed by urodynamic test, and II⁰ pelvic organ prolapse (by pelvic organ prolapse quantification classification) cervicosacropexy using polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) tape was performed in Klaipeda University Hospital in 2016. Urinary incontinence was evaluated by voiding diary, International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire – Short Form (ICIQ-SF) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), that were filled by the patient before the surgery and 2, 4, 8 weeks after it. Urinary urgency, episodes of urinary incontinence, the need of sanitary pads and urinary frequency were compared before and after the surgery. To assess urinary incontinence impact on daily life, the General King‘s Health Questionnaire (GKHQ) was used before and after the procedure. Results. After the surgery decrease of episodes of urinary incontinence, urinary frequency during day and night, urinary urgency and the need of sanitary pads were observed. Moreover, the patient could hold the urine longer after feeling the need to urinate. Scores of ICIQ-SF and OABSS decreased. GKHQ revealed considerable improvement in quality of life after CESA. Social life, mental and physical health of the patient were improved, and sexual life was unchanged. Conclusions. After CESA surgery using PVFD tape, functional indicators and quality of life were improved. First results of this surgery are very good and promising.
Keyword(s): cervicosacropexy (CESA); vaginosacropexy (VASA); urinary incontinence; overactive bladder syndrome; mixed urinary incontinence; polyvinylidene fluoride tape; uterosacral ligaments.
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