The goal of the study was to analyze road traffic injury deaths in children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years in Lithuanian over 1998- 2007 by road users. Trends were estimated by the use of linear regression. The coefficient of determination (R Square) was used. The significance level p ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
In Lithuania, in 1998-2007, 1,080 children aged 0 to 19 years were killed in traffic crashes. Boys deceased 2.5 times more that of girls. The results of the study revealed as among children and adolescents killed in traffic crashes there were: 57% in cars, 24% – pedestrians, 8 %- cyclists, and 7 %- motorcyclists. 62 % girls and 55% boys deceased as passengers, 28 % girls and 22 % boys deceased as pedestrians. 4 % girls and 9 % boys died as cyclists, and 2% girls and 10 % boys died as motorized two-wheelers. The study showed significant increasing trends of passengers and motorcyclists mortality rates in the whole group aged 0 to 19 years, and decreasing tendencies of pedestrians’ mortality rate over decade. No significant change of cyclists’ mortality rate was observed for the whole group. For girls significant increasing trend was observed in passengers’ mortality, and significant decreasing trends were observed in cyclists and pedestrians mortality rates. In girls group for motorcyclists mortality no significant changed was showed. For boys, significant increasing trends were observed in passengers’ mortality and in motorcyclists’ mortality rates. In boys group for pedestrians and cyclists mortality rates no significant trends were observed.
Keyword(s): children and adolescents, traffic injury, mortality rates, road users.
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