Donata Petronytė, Giedrė Trakinienė
Objectives. Key motivating factors for getting an orthodontic consultation of orthodontic patients up to 18 years old together with their parents, as well as fears, relating to orthodontic treatment, were evaluated during the research study. A subjective evaluation of aesthetic component was performed by parents, children and the orthodontist. Material and Methods. After obtaining the permit of the Bioethics Centre (No. BEC- OF- 804) in LSMUL KK Orthodontic clinic, patients and parents, who came to the initial consultation, were interviewed. Patients and parents were selected by a random sampling. Research subjects received 2 separate questionnaires, which were filled in by patient himself, his parents. Furthermore, the aesthetic component of the patient was evaluated by the patient, his parents and the examiner. Data analysis was performed using a statistical SPSS 22 package. Significance level 0.05 was chosen. Results. Key motivating factor for orthodontic treatment was aesthetic in the group of patients and parents. The majority of children and parents, who took part in the research, do not have any fears relating to orthodontic treatment. Patients appear to evaluate condition of their teeth more positively than their parents (p<0.05). Both parents and children evaluate condition of teeth more positively than the examiner (p<0.05). Conclusions. The aesthetic factor remains the most important motivation for orthodontic treatment; there is usually no fear, relating to orthodontic treatment, present at the beginning of the treatment. There is a significant difference of subjective aesthetic evaluation of teeth condition between subjects and the orthodontist.
Keyword(s): index of orthodontic treatment need aesthetic component (IOTN AC); motivating factors; perception of malocclusion; patient’s and parent’s; orthodontics.
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