Viktorija Piščalkienė, Milda Gintilienė, Donatas Misiūnas, Helen Kool, Jaana Siik, Petra Muraus, Madara Juhna, Inta Miķele, Regitze Kristensen
The analysis was perfomed while participating and doing a research in a project “Villages on Move Baltic” (VOMB) 1.1.2016-31.12.2017 (Number 2016- 3715/001-001). The project‘s objective is to focus more Health Enhancing Physical Activity and joy of sports for rural citizen in participating regions. VOMB project is activating people to give ideas on how to promote everyday physical activity and how to organise their leisure time in rural areas. The Project‘s partners have visited village events and have promoted healthy lifestyle. One of the goals is to motivate inhabitants in rural areas to have more physical activities and more joy of sports. Methods of the research: structured questionnaire in written.
This article presents the results of internal and external motivation for most common physical activity types of citizens from participial countries in 6 months. In order to be physically active 6 indicators depended to external motivation and 12 to internal. Sample: there were 627 people from 5 European countries (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Denmark, Finland). The research has shown that the most favorite types of physical activity are walking, riding a bike and running. However, the participants from Finland and Denmark were more motivated in all kinds of physical activities comparing to other participating countries.
Walking, gym, Nordic walking, swimming and yoga are the most popular forms of physical activities for the participants of urban areas. Gardening is more popular in rural areas. Participants from 18 to 44 years old are more physically active as they apply a variety of physical activities comparing to the participants in 45 to 59 age group. Almost all of the participants agree that health is a driving force of internal motivation for physical activity. To add more, almost all external factors are important to men and women, considering physical activity. Participants from rural areas more than respondents who live in settlements or cities agree on the idea that person’s quality of life depends on personal efforts.