Zdislavas Skvarciany, Alvydas Juocevičius, Juozas Raistenskis
Lung and prostate cancers are the most frequently diagnosed cancers and the leading causes of cancer death among males in the world.
The purpose of this study was to compare health-related quality of life in patients with lung and prostate cancer.
Methods. The primary information for this study was obtained from Lithuanian cancer registry and official disability cases from Disability Assessment Service under Ministry of Social Security and Labour. The two study groups included 42 patients with confirmed primary lung cancer and 78 patients with confirmed primary prostate cancer. For evaluation of health-related quality of life of patients with lung and prostate cancer was used modified questionnaire EQ-5D.
Results. Our presented results showed that a significant number of patients with lung cancer had big problems to keep secure environment as well as to provide some personal hygiene procedures. Some of patients (11,9%) were not able to move without assistance. In group of patients with prostate cancer the health-related quality of life assessment using EQ-5D questionnaire revealed only very small changes of all dimensions.
Conclusions. It was found that patients with lung cancer had a much worse health-related quality of life compared with patients with prostate cancer. We suggest that our study results are important for informed decision making and ongoing supportive care for patients with lung and prostate cancers.
Article in Lithuanian
Keyword(s): morbidity; lung cancer; prostate cancer; health-related quality of life
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