Edita Naruševičiūtė-Skripkienė, Eglė Ramelytė, Monika Niedvaraitė, Kristina Kiliūtė, Matilda Bylaitė


Objective. We present the results from the study about dermatological problems of Lithuanian hairdressers. Material and methods. A survey with anonymous questionnaire was performed in 145 hairdressing salons from different Lithuanian cities in 2011. Results. The majority of all the 150 respondents were women (93%). Dermatological knowledge were acquired by 94,7% of the hairdressers. Dermatological complaints were expressed by 66,7% of the specialists and 8,7% had signs of eczema. Only 1 from 3 specialists is seeking for a help of dermatovenereologist in case they have skin problems. A mean of the wet work is 2,7± 1,94 hours per day, but almost half of the respondents (50,6%) don‘t have the necessary knowledge how negatively wet works acts on their skin. The most frequent allergens in haircare products are p-phenilendiamine, ammonium persulfate and glyceryl monothiogllycolate. A negative effect of the haircare products were noted by 32% of the hairdressers. Disposable gloves were used by 92,7% of the specialists, but 10,8% of them used them repeatedly. Protective gloves together with moisturizing creams were used by 77,3% respondents. About half of the hairdressers (48%) do consult and treat their clients with dermatological problems on their own. Clients were asked about their previous allergies by 79,3% specialists. Information on product safety is mostly relied on sources from supplierers, leastwise from medical sources. Conclusion. The knowledge of occupational risk factors for their skin and other possible negative effects for client skin are inadequate. Hairdressers lack knowledge of occupational risk factors for their own skin as well as other possible negative effects for clients‘ skin. Skin protection measures are also insufficient or they are not used properly. Hairdressers rarely seek for help on their own or send their clients for doctors in case dermatological problems occur. This might cause inadequate diagnostics of occupational skin diseases in hairdressers and be the reason why clients are unable to get necessary treatment on time. Preventive measures should therefore be introduced and have their efectiveness monitored.http://dx.doi.org/10.5200/sm-hs.2013.040Article in Lithuanian

Keyword(s): hairdresser; knowledge; skin protection; prevention
DOI: 10.5200/sm-hs.2013.040
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