Vytautas Usonis, Vilija Gurkšnienė


The irrational prescribing and usage of antimicrobial agents increase antimicrobial resistance and reduces the effectiveness of the treatment of some infections. Both in Lithuania and Europe standardized and comparable data on pediatric and neonatal antibiotic prescribing is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic prescribing prevalence for children and neonates in Children’s Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Clinics and compare them with other European countries. Point prevalence survey is done twice during 2011 from March to September. Survey was done of 256 children and neonates who received at least one antibiotic. Data collection was performed using paper forms. Collected data was compared with other European countries that are taking part in „Antibiotic Resistance and Prescribing in European Children“ project. During survey was found that cephalosporins, penicillins and aminoglycosides are being prescribed to children and neonates most common. Empirical treatment was done for 74% of cases. Second generation cephalosporins are prescribed mostly for medical treatment and chemoprophylaxis in Children hospital.

Keyword(s): children; neonates; antibiotic; antibiotic consumption; antimicrobial resistance
DOI: 10.5200/391
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