Alina Vilkė, Paulius Kondrotas, Diana Bilskienė, Andrius Macas, Arimantas Tamašauskas, Rimantas Vilcinis
The purpose of this article is to provide information for medical personnel with a comprehensive review of traumatic brain injury epidemiology, treatment and outcomes. At present, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern and a leading cause of disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Just how major is difficult to determine because many patients with mild head injuries are significantly undiagnosed. Trends continue to display a steady increase in the number of individuals sustaining head injuries. TBI is a non-specific term describing blunt, penetrating, or blast injuries to the brain. TBI can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe, typically based on the Glasgow Coma Scale and/or neurobehavioural deficits after the injury. Epidemiological studies helps to sustain and lower the injury rate by providing usefull information for prevention programs. Since we lack such information in Lithuania we tried to compare and overwiev excisting trials worldwide and provide general information for traumatic brain injury treatment and possible outcomes.
Keyword(s): traumtaic brain injury; epidemiology; monitoring; trauma scale
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