Birutė Ramoškienė


The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between coping strategies and aggression among persons with limb amputations. The subjects of the study was 55 persons, undergone lower limb amputation, who were hospitalised at AB „Ortopedijos technika“ Physical medicine department, their average age was 58,29 ± 1,543, 29 of them were men, 26 – women. Participants were individually investigated by filling the questionnaire made of sociodemographic questions, The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (1992) and Ž. Grakauskas and G. Valickas Improved Lithuanian Coping with Stress Questionnaire (2010). The results showed, that there are no statistically significant coping strategies differences between persons, who undergone traumatic or not traumatic lower limb amputations, and when it’s passed more time after the amputation, more often is used avoidance coping strategy. Also it was found, that women with lower limb amputation are more likely to use aggression component hostility than men. Younger lower limb amputation undergone participants are more likely to use problem solving coping strategy and aggression component anger than the older ones, also the patients with higher education are more likely to use verbal aggression then the ones with lower education. Also it was found, that higher patients’ emotional venting strategy scores are associated with higher aggression component anger scores, meanwhile with higher physical aggression scores it associates only in older and not traumatic amputees. Higher total score of aggression and verbal aggression scores forecasts more frequent using of emotional venting strategy and higher education. Higher aggression component anger scores forecasts more frequent using of problem solving and emotional venting strategies. Higher education, higher aggression component hostility scores forecasts female gender.

Keyword(s): limb amputation; stress; coping strategies; aggression; components of aggression.
DOI: 10.5200/sm-hs.2016.023
Full TextPDF