Renata Šturienė, Jonas Kairys, Aura Jakubauskaitė


Research methods. The research was conducted in January- May, 2015. The survey was conducted in the Public Institution Šeškinė Clinic. The survey involved 150 elderly people that visit Public Institution Šeškinė Clinic. Results and conclusions. In the subjective opinion of the elderly people their health state was average (47.3 %, n=71) (7.08 ± 1.763 (SN) points). The respondents rated their sleep quality as average as well (40.7 %, n=61): 41.7 % (n=43) of women and 38.3 % (n=18) of men (7.07 ± 2.049 (SN) points). The oldest respondents stated that their health status was very poor and their sleep was bad as well. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire proved that sleep of the respondents is more bad (86.0 %, n=129) than good (14.0 %, n=21). Statistically important connection between the sleep quality and the assessment of the poor state of health was established (rs=0,729; p<0,001). The main established reasons for the deterioration of sleep quality were the following: stress, anxiety and fear (82.7 %, n=124). Sleep quality is not much determined by the environmental factors (63.3 %, n=95). The study found that morning recreation 3.41 times increase the chance that person will assess their health better than average (OR = 3.41; 95 CI: 1.63 to 7.12; p <0.001). Due to the problems of sleep more than half of the respondents have not contacted physicians or nurses. The elderly people would like to receive more information on resolving of the sleep problems from the medical personnel (52.7 %, n=79). The patients that had contacted nurses (41.97 %, n=63) were satisfied with their help and advices. The majority of the respondents (31.3 %, n=47) learn about sleep from books, journals and internet, while 22 (n=33) of the respondents contact nurses. Those patients had received advice from nurses on drugs that help to improve sleep (92.1 %, n=58), while the respondents stated that the nurses had rarely provided information about the examinations of the sleep disorders (82.5 %, n=52).

Keyword(s): elderly person; sleep quality; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
DOI: 10.5200/sm-hs.2015.090
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