Diana Skaudickienė, Mantas Klevinskas, Raimundas Bagdonas
In Lithuania teeth are primarily restored by fixed conventional dental prostheses, such as dental crowns, dental bridges, etc. However, innovations in biomimetics provide the possibility to restore biomechanical, structural and aesthetic integrity of the tooth. Adhesive techniques and non-traditional technologies of dental ceramic plates (further laminates) have led to the observance of certain negative indications in dental restorations fixed by a bonding technique, such as split front tooth crowns and non-usable teeth. These technologies offer new solutions that balance the functional and aesthetic needs of the patient and the dentist in restoring the front and side teeth. Much attention is given to the biomechanics, function and aesthetics of healthy teeth. This article aims to reveal the production characteristics of ceramic dental restorations. The main points covered include ceramic laminates, their properties, advantages and disadvantages. Methods and stages of producing restorations are discussed. Ceramic restorations were produced in six stages by using a layering technique: construction of a detachable dental restoration model using the ‘Giroform’ system; preparation of the model for duplication, stump-forms duplication, layering and glazing of ceramic materials, sanding and adjusting the restorations on the model.
Keyword(s): ceramic dental plates (laminates); layering technique; minimally invasive technologies
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