Aušra Balčiūnaitė, Henrikas Rusilas, Inga Bulotienė
Aim. To evaluate the effect on post-operative results of different types of retraction techniques on periodontium. Material and methods. The following electronic databases sources were searched: PubMed, the Cochrane library and Researchgate. The search was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Due to lack of appropriate articles earliest period was not restricted, but only in vivo studies were included, articles were collected using keywords: “gingiva”, “displace”, “periodontal health”. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated using Cochrane risk of bias tool. Only low and moderate risk articles were included into this systematic review. Results. After duplicates removal 55 articles left from which 9 were included into this systematic review. The data from studies were collected and evaluated in a systematic manner. Data tables were created for summarisation. Conclusion. Gingival retraction has negative, but reversible effect on periodontium, which could lead to gingival bleeding, inflammation and even recession. Conventional retraction using retraction cord has more negative effect on periodontium also it is more painful method, than retraction paste.
Keyword(s): gingiva, retraction, cord, cordless, periodontium.