Jūratė Gudaitytė, Justina Jermolajevaitė, Martynas Judickas
Background and objectives: Acromegaly is endocrinal disorder which results in changes involving general appearance as well as upper airway abnormalities, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders which can aggravate the anesthesia and can lead to complications. We aim to discuss the challenges for anesthesiologist that occurs facing patient with acromegaly and are necessary to investigate before performing any kind of intervention.
Case Presentation: 79 years old male patient presented the hospital with recently diagnosed acromegaly for rectal prolapse surgery. From anamnesis he had NYHAIII with cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation and arterial hypertension, also multiple old compressive fractures Th10 – L5. He was graded with Mallampati score IV and ASA class IV. The complementary examinations were made to assess the possible complications. In induction of general anesthesia the intubation was performed using fibro- bronchoscope and anesthesia went without complications except hypotension which was managed. After surgery the patient was leaded to the postoperative room for further monitoring.
Discussion and Conclusion: Acromegalic patients have an increased risk of difficulty during anesthesia compared to general population due to difficult intubation, cardiovascular complications , OSA , alteration in intraoperative glucose intolerance and fluid regulation. Therefore profound investigation and assessment are necessary to predict and prepare for possible difficulties in the surgery room.
Raktiniai žodžiai: acromegaly, anesthesia management, difficult intubation, cardiovascular complications.