Erika Miklaševičienė, Juozas Raistenskis, Ieva Eglė Jamontaitė
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of Constraint- Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) for patient‘s independence after stroke. The sample consisted of 40 patients after stroke, who underwent rehabilitation in University Hospital Santariškių Clinics, Rehabilitation, Physical and Sports Medicine Centre during 2010 – 2012 (until April). The participated patients were selected according these criteria: the time period after stroke over two weeks, the sufficient (right) hand function, safely moving within the ward range, the tasks understanding and completing. The subjects were randomized in two groups: control and treatment (CIMT). The CIMT group had (n=20) 9 women (45%) and 11 men (55%), who‘s average age was 66,2±7,30 years, and the control group of (n=20) patients – 8 women (40%) and 12 men (60%) – age average 66,7±7,49 years. Research period – 2 weeks. The control group received traditional occupational therapy – 45 minutes. The treatment group had the occupational therapy procedure according to Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy. The time period of procedure was 45 minutes too. The aim of procedure was to improve hand function and independence in activities of daily living, focusing on affected hand using. The results showed that both interventions statistically significant improved the affected hand functions and independence but the CIMT group had the better rates than the control group, the significant differences was determined between two groups (p<0,05).
Keyword(s): Constraint – Induced Movemet Therapy; occupational therapy; hand function; independence
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