Studies of recent years show that diet intervention can be a supportive therapy in management of certain reproductive system disorders, including infertility. A review of literature about mechanisms of fertility affected by systemic effects of food allergy, gluten sensitivity, lectins, and biologically active peptides derived from food involved in opioid regulation of reproductive physiology is presented in this paper. Additionally, lifestyle and dietary habits leading to a change in body mass, underweight or obesity, and metabolic deregulation resulting in subfertility have been discussed.
Keyword(s): Infertility, atopy, gluten, lectins, exorphins, obesity.
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