Vaiva Strukčinskaitė, Juozas Raistenskis, Aurelija Šidlauskienė, Birutė Strukčinskienė, Sigitas Griškonis
The prevalence of scoliosis in the paediatric population is increasing every year. The treatment of idiopathic scoliosis in Lithuania is based on traditional physical therapy, and it is not always the most effective. Schroth method recently is widely globally used evidence-based conservative scoliosis treatment method. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of the Schroth method treatment for trunk muscles’ static endurance and spine mobility in girls with idiopathic scoliosis. The study was conducted in 2016-2017 at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Centre, Children’s Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos. In the study participated 50 girls aged 9-17 years with idiopathic scoliosis. The patients were divided into two groups: the study group (n = 25) and the control group (n =25). Schroth treatment method for the study group and a traditional physiotherapy for the control group were used. For patients were applied 10 procedures of physiotherapy (for 30 minutes, 5 times a week). The study showed that trunk muscles’ static endurance results after rehabilitation were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (p<0.05). The analysis of the average changes in the results between the groups revealed that in the study group the results of abdominal muscles (16.08 s more), left side trunk muscles (6.98 s more), and right side trunk muscles (7.84 s more) had changed significantly. Results of spine mobility significantly improved in both groups after rehabilitation (p<0.05). Trunk flexion amplitude estimated to have significantly greater improvement in the study group. The treatment using Schroth method had significantly improved the indicators of trunk muscles’ static endurance and mobility of the spine during spinal flexion. When compare the results inside the groups, the significant change was shown in the majority of spine and posture-related parameters in the study group. Special physiotherapy, especially Schroth method for children with idiopathic scoliosis have been shown to be an effective conservative treatment for scoliosis.
Keyword(s): Schroth, idiopathic scoliosis, girls, physiotherapy, static endurance, spine mobility.
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