Benas Kireilis, Lina Gatelytė, Olesia Ivanova


Asthma, a chronic condition marked by airway inflam­mation, results from a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors, including urban pollution. As­thma varies in severity and can be intermittent or per­sistent. Allergic asthma is most common and linked to elevated IgE levels and eosinophilic airway inflamma­tion. Additionally, asthma exacerbations, often triggered by respiratory infections, significantly impact patient’s well-being. Apart from its respiratory impact, asthma has notable implications for the cardiovascular system. Chronic inflammation, common to both asthma and car­diovascular disease (CVD), contributes to atherosclerosis, plaque rupture, and acute CVD events. Studies suggest that persistent asthma is associated with a higher risk of CVD events. While asthma poses challenges in diagno­sis and management, it also underscores the importance of monitoring cardiovascular health in asthma patients, given the clear link between these two conditions. Furt­her research is needed to better understand this complex relationship.

Aim: The aim of this article is to highlight the signifi­cance of allergic asthma‘s negative impact on the car­diovascular system.

Keyword(s): Allergic asthma, asthma complications, cardiovascular system.

DOI: 10.35988/sm-hs.2024.042
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